Azerbaijan signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty on July 28, 1997. Having ratified the Treaty on December 1, 1998, Azerbaijan deposited its instrument of ratification with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on February 2, 1999. Azerbaijan is the twenty-ninth signatory State and the third from the Eastern European region to have ratified the Treaty.
Azerbaijan being committed to the goals and objectives of the Treaty, attaches particular importance to the work carried out by the Preparatory Commission and the Provisional Technical Secretariat (PTS). Azerbaijan stands for reduction of nuclear arsenals, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, means of their delivery, appropriate technologies. The nuclear disarmament process has to ultimately lead to complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
Despite the aspiration to achieve early entry into force of the Treaty that has been so clearly expressed by the international community on numerous occasions, today it is obvious that vigorous efforts are still needed to provide for the universality of the CTBT, designed to ensure worldwide nuclear security.
Government of Azerbaijan in accordance with the requirements of the Treaty is steadily taking all possible actions on implementation of national obligations, on providing for closer cooperation with the States Signatories and the PTS, on promoting international cooperation and other relevant activities aimed at the early entry into force of the Treaty. Azerbaijan is of the strong opinion that these activities have a significant role to play to ensure wide support for the Treaty.
Azerbaijan supports the efforts of the Preparatory Commission, its Provisional Technical Secretariat and the Executive Secretary to establish a viable and effective verification regime to start functioning once the Treaty enters into force.
Article XIV Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the CTBT is another important step and Azerbaijan considers it as one more opportunity for the participating states to recognize the significance of the CTBT as a key instrument of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament and to deepen understanding of its role in enhancing international peace and security.
Azerbaijan is benefiting from scientific and civil application of data and products of the CTBT verification technologies. Azerbaijan continues its efforts to revitalize the activities and operation of the National Data Center established in relation to the CTBTO within the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan deems it’s necessary to continue activities aimed at further strengthening of national capacities of the country, especially through expanding of training opportunities, first of all for young specialists concentrated on raising awareness on verification technologies.